Top 10 technology trends for 2018
Tech experts at the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers' Computer Society (IEEE-CS) have released their annual "Future of Tech" forecast.
The IEEE-CS is the world's premier organisation of computing professionals, with more than 560 chapters around the world, serving more than 60,000 international members.
- Deep learning. Machine learning and more specifically Deep Learning are already on the cusp of revolution. They are widely adopted in datacenters; e.g. Amazon making graphical processing units [GPUs] available for Deep Learning.
Applications such as image, video, and audio recognition are already being deployed for a variety of verticals. Deep Learning heavily depends on accelerators (see #9 below) and is used for a variety of assistive functions (#s 6, 7, and 10).
- Digital currencies. Bitcoin, Ethereum, and newcomers Litecoin, Dash, and Ripple have become commonly traded currencies. They will continue to become a more widely adopted means of trading. This will trigger improved cybersecurity (see #10) because the stakes will be ever higher as their values rise. In addition, digital currencies will continue to enable and be enabled by other technologies, such as storage (see #3), cloud computing, the Internet of Things (IoT), edge computing, and more.
- Blockchain. The use of Bitcoin and the revitalization of peer-to-peer computing have been essential for the adoption of blockchain technology in a broader sense. The IEEE-CS predict increased expansion of companies delivering blockchain products and even IT heavyweights entering the market and consolidating the products.
- Industrial IoT. Empowered by Deep Learning at the edge, industrial IoT continues to be the most widely adopted use case for edge computing. It is driven by real needs and requirements. We anticipate that it will continue to be adopted with a broader set of technical offerings enabled by Deep Learning, as well as other uses of IoT.
- Robotics. Even though robotics research has been performed for many decades, robotics adoption has not flourished. However, the past few years have seen increased market availability of consumer robots, as well as more sophisticated military and industrial robots. We predict that this will trigger wider adoption of robotics in the medical space for caregiving and other healthcare uses. Combined with Deep Learning (#1) and AI (#10), robotics will further advance in 2018. Robotics will also motivate further evolution of ethics (see #8).
- Assisted transportation. While the promise of fully autonomous vehicles has slowed down due to numerous obstacles, a limited use of automated assistance has continued to grow, such as parking assistance, video recognition, and alerts for leaving the lane or identifying sudden obstacles. We anticipate that vehicle assistance will develop further as automation and Machine Learning/Deep Learning are deployed in the automotive industry.
- Assisted reality and virtual reality (AR/VR). Gaming and AR/VR gadgets have grown in adoption in the past year. We anticipate that this trend will grow with modern user interfaces such as 3D projections and movement detection.
This will allow for associating individuals with metadata that can be viewed subject to privacy configurations, which will continue to drive international policies for cybersecurity and privacy (see #10).
- Ethics, laws, and policies for privacy, security, and liability. With the increasing advancement of Deep Learning (#1), robotics (#5), technological assistance (#s 6 and 7), and applications of AI (#10), technology has moved beyond society's ability to control it easily.
Mandatory guidance has already been deeply analysed and rolled out in various aspects of design, and it is further being applied to autonomous and intelligent systems and in cybersecurity. But adoption of ethical considerations will speed up in many vertical industries and horizontal technologies.
- Accelerators and 3D. With the end of power scaling and Moore's law and the shift to 3D, accelerators are emerging as a way to continue improving hardware performance and energy efficiency and to reduce costs. The IEEE-CS predicts wider diversity and broader applicability of accelerators, leading to more widespread use in 2018.
- Cybersecurity and AI. Cybersecurity is becoming essential to everyday life and business, yet it is increasingly hard to manage. Exploits have become extremely sophisticated and it is hard for IT to keep up.
Pure automation no longer suffices and AI is required to enhance data analytics and automated scripts. It is expected that humans will still be in the loop of taking actions; hence, the relationship to ethics (#8). But AI itself is not immune to cyberattacks. AI and Deep Learning techniques will need to be more robust in the presence of adversarial traffic in any application area.
- Data science
- Smart cities
- IoT/edge computing